Do Your Employees Have Basic First Aid Training?

“The safety professionals in Australia produce some of the most “thought-provoking” and at times, explicit safety videos. But they do drive home an important message, as this one does about First Aid

It is a requirement of OSHA that employees be given a safe and healthy workplace that is reasonably free of occupational hazards. However, it is unrealistic to expect accidents not to happen. Therefore, employers are required to provide medical and first aid personnel and supplies commensurate with the hazards of the workplace. The details of a workplace medical and first aid program are dependent on the circumstances of each workplace and employer. The intent of this page is to provide general information that may be of assistance. If additional information is required, an Occupational Health Professional should be contacted.

Medical and first aid services are addressed in specific standards for the general industry, shipyard employment, marine terminals, longshoring, and the construction industry.

OSHA Standards

This section highlights OSHA standards, directives (instructions for compliance officers), and standard interpretations (official letters of interpretation of the standards) related to medical and first aid.

Note: Twenty-five states, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands have OSHA-approved State Plans and have adopted their own standards and enforcement policies. For the most part, these States adopt standards that are identical to Federal OSHA. However, some States have adopted different standards applicable to this topic or may have different enforcement policies.

General Industry (29 CFR 1910)

  • 1910.151, Medical services and first aid

Shipyard Employment (29 CFR 1915)

  • 1915.87, Medical services and first aid

Marine Terminals (29 CFR 1917)

  • 1917.26, First aid and lifesaving facilities

Longshoring (29 CFR 1918)

  • 1918.97, First aid and lifesaving facilities (see appendix V of this part)

Construction Industry (29 CFR 1926)

  • 1926.50, Medical services and first aid

Directives

  • American Red Cross Agreement. CPL 02-00-002 [CPL 2.2], (1978, October 30). Provides information regarding first aid training requirements and courses.

Standard Interpretations

  • Medical and First Aid standards. (1994, July 26). Discusses whether full face shields and access to a water hose can be used as a substitute for a commercially available eye wash facility.

What is first aid?

First aid refers to medical attention that is usually administered immediately after the injury occurs and at the location where it occurred. It often consists of a one-time, short-term treatment and requires little technology or training to administer. First aid can include cleaning minor cuts, scrapes, or scratches; treating a minor burn; applying bandages and dressings; the use of non-prescription medicine; draining blisters; removing debris from the eyes; massage; and drinking fluids to relieve heat stress. OSHA’s revised recordkeeping rule, which went into effect January 1, 2002, does not require first aid cases to be documented. For example: A worker goes to the first-aid room and has a dressing applied to a minor cut by a registered nurse. Although the registered nurse is a health care professional, the employer does not have to report the accident because the worker simply received first aid. The selected references below provide more information on first aid.

  • First Aid. National Ag Safety Database (NASD). Provides links to a variety of first aid topics primarily related to the agriculture industry.
  • Job Injuries and First Aid Training Guide. Electronic Library of Construction Occupational Safety & Health (elcosh), (1994). Provides teaching guidelines and basic first aid questions aimed at recognizing hazards and controls in the workplace.
  • First Aid. Mayo Clinic. Includes information for handling a variety of emergency care situations.

First Aid Programs

First aid training is primarily received through the American Red Cross, the National Safety Council (NSC), and private institutions. The American Red Cross and NSC offer standard and advanced first aid courses via their local chapter/training centers. After completing the course and successfully passing the written and practical tests, trainees receive two certificates; (adult CPR and first aid). An emphasis on quick response to first aid situations is incorporated throughout the program. Other program elements include: basic first aid intervention, basic adult cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), and universal precautions for self-protection. Specific program elements include training specific to the type of injury: shock, bleeding, poisoning, burns, temperature extremes, musculoskeletal injuries, bites and stings, medical emergencies, and confined spaces. Instruction in the principles and first aid intervention of injuries will cover the following sites: head and neck, eye, nose, mouth and teeth, chest, abdomen, and hand, finger, and foot injuries. Employers are responsible for the type, amount, and maintenance of first aid supplies needed for their particular program. The training program should be periodically reviewed with current first aid techniques and knowledge. Basic adult CPR retesting should occur every year and first aid skills and knowledge should be reviewed every three years. The references below provide further fundamentals to help develop and maintain first aid program and skills.

  • Corporate Training. American Heart Association (AHA). Find information about training for the workplace, general public and healthcare providers. Learn about course materials and use links to related emergency care information.
  • Z358.1-2004, Emergency Eyewash and Shower Equipment. American National Standards Institute (ANSI). Provides requirements for eyewash facilities.

Additional Information

Related Safety and Health Topics Pages

Training

  • Corporate Training. American Heart Association (AHA). Find information about training for the workplace, general public and healthcare providers. Learn about course materials and use links to related emergency care information.
  • First Aid Training Programs. National Safety Council (NSC). Serves as a tool for training employees or the general public on the latest skills, techniques, and expertise in life-saving procedures offering emergency care, standard first aid, CPR, and AED Instructor-led classroom courses.
  • First Aid, CPR and AED. American Red Cross. Offers first aid and CPR course programs for the community, workplace, and professional rescuers.

Other Resources

 

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Temporary Worker Safety – “What You Need To Know & A Real Life Story”

“Temporary Work, Lasting Harm”

by Michael Grabell, Olga Pierce and Jeff Larson
ProPublica, Dec. 18, 2013, 2:27 p.m.

JACKSONVILLE, Fla. – This was it, he told his brother Jojo. He would finally be able to pay his mother back for the fender bender, buy some new shoes and, if things went well, maybe even start a life with his fiancee who was living in Atlanta.

After getting his high school diploma, completing federal job training and sending out dozens of applications, Day Davis, 21, got a job. It was through a temp agency and didn’t pay very much, but he would be working at the Bacardi bottling plant, making the best-selling rum in the world.

Davis called his mother to tell her the good news and ask if she could pick him up so he could buy the required steel-toe boots, white shirt and khaki pants and get to the factory for a 15-minute orientation before his 3 p.m. shift.

Word spread quickly through the family. “Me and my brother was like, ‘Don’t mess up now, you got to do good, don’t mess up,’ ” said his younger sister, Nia.

It was a humid 90 degrees as Davis walked into Bacardi’s Warehouse No. 7 to the rattle of glass bottles, the whir of fans and the clank of industrial machines. It was his first day on the first job of his life. He went to the bathroom and took a photo of himself in the mirror, showing off his work clothes and orange safety vest. He texted it to his fiancee, Alicia Lloyd, and promised he would call her during his break.

When Davis walked into the factory, he joined one of the fastest-growing and more dangerous segments of the U.S. labor market: blue-collar temp work.

Since the 2008 recession, companies have increasingly turned to temporary employees to work in factories and warehouses and on construction sites. The temp industry now employs a record 2.8 million workers.

The trend carries a human cost.

A ProPublica analysis of millions of workers’ compensation claims shows that in five states, representing more than a fifth of the U.S. population, temps face a significantly greater risk of getting injured on the job than permanent employees.

In California and Florida, two of the largest states, temps had about 50 percent greater risk of being injured on the job than non-temps. That risk was 36 percent higher in Massachusetts, 66 percent in Oregon and 72 percent in Minnesota.

These statistics understate the dangers faced by blue-collar temps like Davis. Nationwide, temps are far more likely to find jobs in dangerous occupations like manufacturing and warehousing. And their likelihood of injury grows dramatically.

In Florida, for example, temps in blue-collar workplaces were about six times as likely to be injured than permanent employees doing similar jobs.

The findings were particularly stark for severe injuries. In Florida, the data shows, temps were about twice as likely as regular employees to suffer crushing injuries, dislocations, lacerations, fractures and punctures. They were about three times as likely to suffer an amputation on the job in Florida and the three other states for which such records are available.

ProPublica interviewed more than 100 temp workers across the nation and reviewed more than 50 Occupational Safety and Health Administration investigations involving temp worker accidents.

The interviews and OSHA files revealed situations that occur over and over again: untrained laborers asphyxiated while cleaning the inside of chemical tanks, caught in heavy machinery such as food grinders and tire shredders, and afflicted by heat stroke after a long day on a garbage truck or roof.

The lightly regulated blue-collar temp world is one where workers are often sent to do dangerous jobs with little or no training. Where the company overseeing the work isn’t required to pay the medical bills if temps get hurt. And where, when temp workers do get injured on the job, the temp firm and the company fight with each other over who is responsible, sometimes even delaying emergency medical care while they sort it out.

The growing reliance on temps subverts one of the strongest incentives for companies to protect workers. The workers’ comp system was designed to encourage safety through economic pressure; companies with higher injury rates pay higher insurance premiums. Hiring temp workers shields companies from those costs. If a temp worker gets hurt, the temp agency pays the workers’ comp, even though it has little or no control over job sites.

OSHA director David Michaels said he has been alarmed by the number of temp workers being killed on their first day on the job. Earlier this year, he launched an initiative to raise awareness about the dangers temp workers face and employers’ responsibilities. But despite growing concern about temp workers’ safety, regulators and lawmakers have struggled to make major changes, in part because they lack basic data, such as whether temps get injured more than regular workers. Unlike the way it monitors every other industry, the federal government does not keep injury statistics on temp agency workers.

A groundbreaking 2010 study of Washington state’s workers’ comp claims found that temp workers in construction and manufacturing had twice the claims rate of regular workers doing the same type of work.

It’s not possible to track temp workers’ injuries nationwide through workers’ comp records. Many states, such as New Jersey, consider workers’ comp claims to be confidential and declined to release them to ProPublica. In other states, such as New York, there is no way to sift out temp workers from regular workers. In Texas, employers aren’t required to carry workers’ comp insurance, and many fail to report their employees’ injuries to state authorities.

The data that does exist, however, identify consistent trends, allowing ProPublica to conduct the first multistate study of temp worker injury claims. Our analysis covered five years of workers’ comp data, amounting to more than 3.5 million claims, in five states: California, Florida, Massachusetts, Minnesota and Oregon.

“Caught in” and “struck by” injuries were significantly more common among temps, records show. In California, temps were about twice as likely as regular workers to be stricken by heat exhaustion. And in Minnesota, temps were at least three times as likely to be injured by chemicals as their regular counterparts.

Within blue-collar industries, temps tend to be manual laborers, who have higher injury rates, rather than supervisors and skilled technicians, who have lower injury rates.

And the data shows the problem is worsening. Over the past five years, the claims rate of temp workers has increased in Florida, California, Oregon and Massachusetts, while that of regular workers has held steady or fallen.

The workers’ comp system is an imperfect record of injuries. Some workers file false claims. Some employers try to deter employees from filing legitimate claims. But public health researchers and workers’ comp insurance experts suggested workers’ comp data likely undercounts injuries to temp workers. One reason: If temp workers, almost none of whom are represented by a union, report injuries, they risk being blacklisted by their temp agency.

Bacardi said in a statement that it has been “steadfast in its commitment’’ to safety.

But according to OSHA, the bottling plant Davis walked into on the afternoon of Aug. 16, 2012, epitomized many of the hazards temp workers face. It was a factory, OSHA investigators later wrote, that put profits over safety, trained its workers to cut corners and treated its temps as “second-class citizens” and “peons” – a portrait Bacardi disputes.

He was born Lawrence Daquan Davis, but everyone who knew him called him Day. His mother, Tonya Washington, was 14 when she gave birth to him in Smithfield, N.C., later moving to Jacksonville. She struggled to make ends meet, working at day cares and dollar stores, fast-food chains and supermarkets. But Washington and her family worked hard to raise him right.

“You see all these little boys walking around with the sagging pants and gold in their mouths,” Washington said. “I have to pat myself on the back, because that wasn’t my baby.”

Read the rest of this story here: http://www.propublica.org/article/temporary-work-lasting-harm/single#republish

Source: Pro Publica

_____________________________________________

“Supervising employer responsible for recording temporary worker injuries and illnesses”

March 31, 2014 – Posted by Paul Giannetti

When a temporary worker gets injured on the job, a game of hot potato sometimes ensues between the staffing agency that supplies the worker and the host employer. Both parties can be reluctant to claim recordkeeping responsibility, each considering the other to be the worker’s “real” employer.

In a new educational bulletin, the Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA) clarifies who is responsible for recording temporary employees’ work-related injuries and illnesses on the OSHA-300 log. The bulletin explains that the staffing agency and host employer jointly employ temporary workers and share a certain degree of responsibility for conditions of employment and legal compliance.  Nonetheless, only one employer should record a temporary worker’s injury or illness. In most cases, OSHA says, the host employer is the responsible party.

Supervision is the deciding factor

The key to determining record keeping responsibility lies in supervision. The employer considered responsible for recording work-related illnesses or injuries:

  •  supervises a temporary worker on a day-to-day basis
  • controls conditions presenting potential hazards
  • directs the worker’s activities around, and exposure to, those hazards

Day-to-day supervision is defined as when “the employer supervises the details, means and methods and processes by which the work is to be accomplished.” Using this definition, there is a high likelihood that the host employer, not the staffing agency, will have a greater degree of supervisory responsibility. Even if the staffing agency has a representative at the work site, as long as the host company retains supervisory control, it is responsible for recording injuries and illnesses.

Employers must share information

The staffing agency isn’t free of responsibility, however. Staffing agencies have a duty to stay in frequent contact with temporary employees and the host employer to ensure that injuries and illnesses are accurately recorded and hazardous conditions in the workplace are identified.

Staffing agencies should also work with the host employer to establish a seamless notification procedure for the mutual exchange on information on any work-related illnesses or injuries experienced by temporary workers. In this way, employers can be cognizant of potential workplace hazards, take steps to eliminate them, and provide appropriate training and/or protective equipment to workers to prevent exposures.

The bulletin is the first in a series of guidance documents to be published as part of OSHA’s Temporary Worker Initiative. The initiative was launched last year in conjunction with Workers’ Memorial Day, an annual observance held on April 28 to honor workers who have died on the job and promote a renewed commitment to safe and healthy workplaces.

Learn how PureSafety, the workplace safety industry’s first learning and safety management system,helps employee safety professionals proactively manage training, safety and compliance.

 

“The Chain of Events That Causes Workplace Accidents”

Harsco Video®

Merriam-Webster’s definition of accident is, “an unfortunate event resulting especially from carelessness or ignorance.” The first example of the word used in a sentence is, “He was injured in an accident at work.” Why does the first example of accident involve the workplace? Because, unfortunately, workplace accidents are far too common. Each year, more than 2 million workers are injured severely enough on the job that they cannot return to work and need ongoing medical care. As an employer or manager, it’s your job to help protect your employees from accidents that threaten their work and wellbeing. Follow these 5 best practices to prevent accidents in your workplace.

Note: Although you are responsible for creating a safe work environment, it is each worker’s responsibility to take an active role in maintaining safety. So make sure your employees are following these best practices:

  1. Shortcuts & Shortcomings: — It’s natural to want to get the job finished on schedule — or even ahead of time — but with a “get it done quick” attitude, accidents happen. Don’t take shortcuts — stick to the instructions and work with diligence and awareness of your surroundings. Also, if there are shortcomings in the instructions, don’t begin the work until they are clarified and all your questions are answered! You must always be comfortable and familiar with the procedure before commencing any work.
  2. Safety in Transit: — According to OSHA, workplace-driving accidents cost employers an average of $60 billion a year. Make sure that all company vehicles are inspected each month and necessary repairs are made as soon as possible. Before driving a company vehicle, check break lights, turn signals, tire pressure and amount of gas in the tank.
  3. Weather the Weather: — Both inside and outdoor work may expose you to extreme conditions. Whether very hot or very cold, both ends of the temperature spectrum can impact your health.
    1. Cold: Dress in layers and make sure you properly cover your head, feet, hands and face — these parts of your body are most prone to frostbite. Always keep a change of clothes at work in case your clothes get wet.
      FOR THE EMPLOYER: If your workers are exposed to cold conditions, install on-site heating devices.
    2. Heat: Wear loose-fitting clothes, take frequent breaks in a cool rest area and get plenty of fluids. If you have preexisting medical conditions, consult your doctor before working in extreme heat.
      FOR THE EMPLOYER: If your workers are exposed to extreme heat, make sure there is adequate ventilation and airflow — open windows and utilize fans.
  4. Make PPE a VIP: — Personal Protective Equipment is crucial to prevent injury, so make sure you wear it… and wear it properly! This includes:
    1. Goggles and face protection to protect from flying particles, chemicals or caustic liquids.
    2. Gloves to prevent cuts, scrapes, punctures, burns, chemical absorption or temperature extremes.
    3. Hard hats to safeguard against falling objects.
    4. Safety shoes for work areas where heavy objects could be dropped and injure the feet.
    5. Ear muffs or ear plugs to protect against hearing damage in noisy workplaces.
      FOR THE EMPLOYER: Providing the safety equipment isn’t enough — you must make sure that your workers know how to use it properly. Provide adequate PPE training.*
  5. Shipshape Safety: — Many workers don’t realize the negative consequences of poor housekeeping. If an unkempt workplace becomes the norm — paper, debris, clutter and spills are accepted as “familiar” — then more serious health and safety hazards are overlooked and injuries become more probable. Housekeeping goes beyond personal cleanliness — it also includes keeping work areas orderly, taking care of any slip-and-trip hazards as soon as they arise and removing waste and fire hazards regularly. Assess your work environment with a critical eye and pay attention to the layout of the workplace, aisle marking, adequacy of storage and maintenance. Report dangers or deficiencies right away!
    • FOR THE EMPLOYER: OSHA’s Good Housekeeping in Industry not only explains the significance and benefits of good housekeeping, but also provides a good housekeeping checklist and elements of a good housekeeping campaign.

    The backbone of a safe working environment is a proper accident prevention program that incorporates the aforementioned practices and encourages employees to take safety measures seriously. As an employer, it’s your job to make your employees feel comfortable asking questions and reporting dangerous situations — make them feel safe to be safe.

 

Employee Injuries Cost US Companies In Excess Of A Billion Dollars A Week

In Washington State they have a subsidized RTW program. Light-duty jobs for injured workers help keep valued employees and control employer costs. Hear how from the Eagle Group in Spokane, WA.

According to the 2013 Liberty Mutual Workplace Safety Index, the most disabling workplace injuries and illnesses in 2011 amounted to $55.4 billion in direct U.S. workers’ compensation costs. This translates into more than a billion dollars spent by businesses each week on the most disabling injuries.

The top cause of disabling injuries was once again overexertion. This includes injuries related to lifting, pushing, pulling, holding, carrying, or throwing and cost businesses $14.2 billion in direct costs and accounted for 25.7% of the national burden. The other top 3 were: Falls on same level, struck by object or equipment, and falls to lower level.

Using OSHA’s Safety Pays calculator, we can get an idea of how much an injury costs and the amount of sales needed to cover that cost. For example, one strain can cost a company more than $67,000. If your company has a profit margin of 5%, that means you need sales of more than $1.3 million to pay for that single injury.

Given the magnitude of these costs, why does safety fall by the wayside? Why are injuries, such as back strain and falls still a common occurrence in the workplace?

The sooner employers realize the benefits of an effective safety and health system, the sooner:

  • injury and illness rates decline
  • medical expenses are cut
  • OSHA penalties are avoided
  • productivity is increased
  • profitability is improved

In California, the Hayward Lumber Company provides an excellent example of how a company can promote safety and health. In an interview, Bill Hayward, CEO, told the American Society of Safety Engineers: “Our basic safety training is ongoing and intense. Employees are trained in ergonomics, equipment, proper lifting, handling and personal protective equipment, and they know that we take their safety and health very seriously.”

A proper safety culture is only going to thrive if it is completely fluid throughout the facility – from the CEO to the line worker. The safety and health professional must be able to effectively interact with senior management and vice versa. Safety professionals must be able to use return-on-investment analyses and speak the language of senior executives. Similarly, senior management must understand the safety professional’s perspective and contributions to the organization’s overall well-being and prosperity.

How does a company know if it has instilled a proper safety culture?

Management and employees:

  • believe in a safe and healthy workplace
  • take responsibility for protecting the safety and health of others as well as themselves
  • train constantly at all levels within the organization
  • have meaningful and measurable safety and health improvement goals
  • have positive attitudes – continuously

Learn how PureSafety, the workplace safety industry’s first learning and safety management system, helps employee safety professionals proactively manage training, safety and compliance.

Powered By DT Author Box

Written by Langdon Dement

Langdon Dement, MS, AEP (Associate Ergonomics Professional), GSP (Graduate Safety Practitioner), is an EHS Advisor with UL Workplace Health and Safety, focusing on industrial hygiene, ergonomics, patient handling and Job Hazard Analysis. He holds a degree in Occupational Safety and Health (M.S.) with a specialization in Industrial Hygiene from Murray State University and a degree in Biology from Harding University (B.S.).

Infographic: Job Hazard Analysis – “How Does It Work?”

Job hazard analysis (JHA) is step-by-step method of analyzing a job or task to uncover its potential and actual dangers. In a JHA, tasks are broken down into a series of basic steps. Each step is analyzed for hazards, and safe work practices are developed to reduce or eliminate these hazards.

This infographic will guide you through the steps of conducting a JHA. For more information, check out BLR’s Job Hazard Analysis Guide.

Job Hazard Analysis

Job Hazard Analysis by Safety.BLR.com

 

“Five Ways To Prevent Workplace Accidents”

Harsco Video®

Merriam-Webster’s definition of accident is, “an unfortunate event resulting especially from carelessness or ignorance.” The first example of the word used in a sentence is, “He was injured in an accident at work.” Why does the first example of accident involve the workplace? Because, unfortunately, workplace accidents are far too common. Each year, more than 2 million workers are injured severely enough on the job that they cannot return to work and need ongoing medical care. As an employer or manager, it’s your job to help protect your employees from accidents that threaten their work and wellbeing. Follow these 5 best practices to prevent accidents in your workplace.

Note: Although you are responsible for creating a safe work environment, it is each worker’s responsibility to take an active role in maintaining safety. So make sure your employees are following these best practices:

  1. Shortcuts & Shortcomings: — It’s natural to want to get the job finished on schedule — or even ahead of time — but with a “get it done quick” attitude, accidents happen. Don’t take shortcuts — stick to the instructions and work with diligence and awareness of your surroundings. Also, if there are shortcomings in the instructions, don’t begin the work until they are clarified and all your questions are answered! You must always be comfortable and familiar with the procedure before commencing any work.
  2. Safety in Transit: — According to OSHA, workplace-driving accidents cost employers an average of $60 billion a year. Make sure that all company vehicles are inspected each month and necessary repairs are made as soon as possible. Before driving a company vehicle, check break lights, turn signals, tire pressure and amount of gas in the tank.
  3. Weather the Weather: — Both inside and outdoor work may expose you to extreme conditions. Whether very hot or very cold, both ends of the temperature spectrum can impact your health.
    1. Cold: Dress in layers and make sure you properly cover your head, feet, hands and face — these parts of your body are most prone to frostbite. Always keep a change of clothes at work in case your clothes get wet.
      FOR THE EMPLOYER: If your workers are exposed to cold conditions, install on-site heating devices.
    2. Heat: Wear loose-fitting clothes, take frequent breaks in a cool rest area and get plenty of fluids. If you have preexisting medical conditions, consult your doctor before working in extreme heat.
      FOR THE EMPLOYER: If your workers are exposed to extreme heat, make sure there is adequate ventilation and airflow — open windows and utilize fans.
  4. Make PPE a VIP: — Personal Protective Equipment is crucial to prevent injury, so make sure you wear it… and wear it properly! This includes:
    1. Goggles and face protection to protect from flying particles, chemicals or caustic liquids.
    2. Gloves to prevent cuts, scrapes, punctures, burns, chemical absorption or temperature extremes.
    3. Hard hats to safeguard against falling objects.
    4. Safety shoes for work areas where heavy objects could be dropped and injure the feet.
    5. Ear muffs or ear plugs to protect against hearing damage in noisy workplaces.
      FOR THE EMPLOYER: Providing the safety equipment isn’t enough — you must make sure that your workers know how to use it properly. Provide adequate PPE training.*
  5. Shipshape Safety: — Many workers don’t realize the negative consequences of poor housekeeping. If an unkempt workplace becomes the norm — paper, debris, clutter and spills are accepted as “familiar” — then more serious health and safety hazards are overlooked and injuries become more probable. Housekeeping goes beyond personal cleanliness — it also includes keeping work areas orderly, taking care of any slip-and-trip hazards as soon as they arise and removing waste and fire hazards regularly. Assess your work environment with a critical eye and pay attention to the layout of the workplace, aisle marking, adequacy of storage and maintenance. Report dangers or deficiencies right away!
    • FOR THE EMPLOYER: OSHA’s Good Housekeeping in Industry not only explains the significance and benefits of good housekeeping, but also provides a good housekeeping checklist and elements of a good housekeeping campaign.

    The backbone of a safe working environment is a proper accident prevention program that incorporates the aforementioned practices and encourages employees to take safety measures seriously. As an employer, it’s your job to make your employees feel comfortable asking questions and reporting dangerous situations — make them feel safe to be safe.

 

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